Williamsburg is a melting pot of residents of various ages, classes and ethnic identities. Although it has recently garnered a reputation as solely a hub for artists and New York hipsters; the neighborhood includes pockets of Puerto Rican, Dominican, German, Italian and Hasidic Jew communities. Williamsburg was once an industrial sector for manufacturing giants like Domino Sugar and Esquire Shoe Polish. The creation of the Williamsburg Bridge in 1903 welcomed a flood of Lower East Side transplants in search of more spacious and affordable housing. The 1970s, 1980s and 1990s marked the rise of Williamsburg’s artistic community, beginning with the opening of local music venues, galleries, performance spaces, cafés, restaurants and shops. Today, in correlation with the neighborhood’s increasing popularity, real estate values have also steadily escalated; yet, residents argue that the price tag is well worth the ambiance.